About Campbell River
About Campbell River
Global Positioning – Campbell River:
Distances by Road:
To the South:
Victoria: 266 Km – 3.5 hours driving time
Vancouver: 173 Km – 5 hours driving time including ferry
Nanaimo: 155 Km – 1.5 hours driving time
To the North:
Sayward: 73.9 Km – 1 hour 9 minutes driving time
Woss: 129 Km – 1 hour 42 minutes driving time
Zeballos:* 193 Km – 3 hours 18 minutes driving time
Telegraph Cove: 202 Km – 2 hours 54 minutes driving time
Alert Bay: 209 Km – 3 hours 20 minutes driving time
Port Hardy: 233 Km – 3 hours 9 minutes driving time
Port McNeill: 196 Km – 2 hours 38 minutes driving time
Port Alice: 245 Km – 3 hours 28 minutes driving time
Holberg: * 278 Km – 4 hours 28 minutes driving time
To the East:
Quadra Island: 7 minute ferry ride
Cortes Island: 37.2 Kilometers – 1 hour 32 minutes driving time
To the West:
Gold River: 88.7 Km – 1 hour 32 minutes driving time
Tahsis:* 152 Km – 2 hours 50 minutes driving time
* Communities marked with an asterisk require travel on gravel road.
The District Municipality of Campbell River is located on the 50th parallel on the central east coast of Vancouver Island, midway between Victoria to the south and Cape Scott to the North. The boundaries of the city encompass an area of 33,955 acres with 22.5 Km of waterfront facing the Discovery Passage.
Campbell River enjoys a moderate and stable climate, the summers are dry and winters are mild making it easy to enjoy outdoor activities all year round. The average daily temperature ranges between
Campbell River – Population and Demographics:
A young city with an active population of 36,455 in the district, another 5,000 immediately surrounding the district and a market population of over 60,000 people distinguish Campbell River as a major regional center for commerce. Based on the 2001 Census, a full 70% of Campbell River’s residents are between the ages of 15 and 64, providing a potential labour force of over 19,000 people.
More demographic information is available through BC Stats at www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca including profiles for Campbell River and our surrounding Waddington Regional District at www.rdmw.bc.ca .
Campbell River – A Natural Gateway:
Situated on Discovery passage at the mid-point of Vancouver Island’s east coast, Campbell River is a natural travel and distribution gateway, providing access by road, sea and air, to northern Vancouver Island and the coastal regions.
With a growing trend to eco-travel and a Green plan for the future of the region, Campbell River is ideally located to service Desolation Sound, the North Island, the Discovery Islands, the Inside Passage with all its inlets and fjords and the Northern Reaches of the west coast of Vancouver Island. Campbell River is also on the cruise ship route to Alaska.
The municipally maintained airport is a mere 15 minutes from the heart of downtown and is a busy hub of activity, with regular daily flights to Vancouver, the Comox Valley and Seattle carrying business and vacation travelers while charter flights transport supplies and people to a myriad of northern communities and activities.
Campbell River’s coastal situation also provides for numerous commercial and recreational marinas as well as a float plane base and helicopter service. The presence of deep water marine terminals enhance the shipment of the area’s wealth of natural resources making it a primary port on the inside passage. By shipping routes it is 220 nautical miles from Seattle, Washington and only 122 nautical miles to Vancouver’s Fraser River depots.
Highway 19, the new Inland Island highway, a four lane divided highway connects Campbell River with major city Centre to the south. Drivers also have the option of traveling the scenic Highway 19A the Oceanside Highway. Paved highways continue from Campbell River to communities on the northern reaches of Vancouver Island.
The regional environment is enriched by its own 22.5 kilometers of waterfront – a primary asset and major contributor to the area’s exceptional quality of life. Unlimited access to ever changing ocean views enlivens every activity. The extensive coastline provides countless opportunities for recreation, including pleasure boating, fishing from the town’s own salt water Fishing Pier, and strolling the pristine northwest Beaches and even Cruise Ship Watching. All are activities residents and visitors enjoy on a regular basis. The paved Rotary Sea Walk provides a relaxed pathway to enjoy the changing ocean views whether on a bicycle, roller blades, pushing a baby stroller or walking.
In winter, excellent downhill and cross country skiing is available on nearby Mount Washington and Mount Cain.
Campbell River is also enhanced by the diversity and abundance of Wildlife that inhabit the area. Fish propagate in the protected coastal waters as well as many inland lakes and rivers. Five species of Pacific salmon (Chinook, Coho, Pink, Chum and Sockeye) return to their natal waters in and around the protected coastline waterways of Campbell River. This abundance of species and diversity of migration periods offer the most unique fishing experiences of their kind on the coast and are one of the reasons Campbell River has held the reputation of being “The Salmon Capital of the World.”
With the salmon follow the eagles, whales and bears that feed on them. Deer, elk and even cougar are also part of the surrounding population. Wilderness areas and nature reserves, including Strathcona Provincial Park, provide habitat for wildlife as well as opportunities for walking, hiking, biking, swimming, canoeing and a multitude of Outdoor Activities.
Geology of the Campbell River Region:
Ancient lore tells of Vancouver Island originating at the bottom of the sea as part of the Hawaiian Islands, although this presentation is only a theory, the shape and geological content of the island itself strongly suggests the possibility.
The geology of Vancouver Island is intensely complicated with its overly active continental margin continually being shaped and reshaped over the millennium. These dynamic and recurrent processes have caused rapid geological changes. The majority of regions encompassing Strathcona Park and the surrounding vicinity consist of dark basalt lava and pillow basalt overlaying older Buttle Lake limestone formations. Igneous (volcanic) rock basalt is loose and unstable and compromises much of the region surrounding Campbell River.
In this area of the world; the age of glaciation began some 25,000 years ago and ended some 11,000 years ago, covering most of the Island with ice, with the exception of the Brooks Peninsula, in places close to over a kilometer in depth. Only the most rugged and highest peaks on Vancouver Island such as The Golden Hinde, Elkhorn Mountain, Mt Septimus and Mt Colonel Foster escaped the complete immersion in the ice-cap with only the topmost recesses of their peaks breaking through. These “mini peaks” are known as nunataks.
Most of the active geological occurrences that have shaped the island, the surrounding islands and the deep water fjords have come in the form of earthquakes. In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s there were three major recorded earthquakes, although they were considered to be key occurrences; measurement instrumentation did not exist at the time, to assess the scale of the seismic activity, although it has been suggested that the actual overall height of a couple of the largest mountains have been dramatically reduced as a result of the activity.
Most recently in June of 1946 an earthquake occurred, with its epicenter just to the east of Strathcona Park, this quake was so great that it is known to have dramatically altered the landscape and effect numerous landslides within the Park itself.
Including an occurrence that caused one of the Peaks on the Colonel Foster to break away and plunge into the cirque at the base of the mountain, the hundreds of thousands of tones of rock displaced the water in the lake producing a fresh water tidal wave that raced down the Elk River Valley, depositing debris along its path. Although somewhat grown over, the effects of this fresh water tidal wave are still in evidence along the route to Landslide Lake inside Strathcona Park today.
At the same time the population of Campbell River and the surrounding islands was very small, however the quake which was to believed to measure a 7.3 on the Richter scale, and which only lasted less than one minute damaged every home in the vicinity, toppling all chimneys and causing mudslides, guessers and fishers to appear in every direction.