Description - Song Sparrow
The song sparrow is 12 to 15 centimetres in length and has a whitish breast with brown streaks and a dark central dot, the crown is reddish-brown with a grey central stripe, with a short yellow stripe above and in front of the eye; the top body is a dark olive-grey.
Voice of the Song Sparrow:
Aptly named, the song sparrow will sing as many as 20 different melodies with as many as 1,000 improvised variations on its basic theme. In areas where the birds migrate, the male arrives on the breeding ground ahead of the female and starts to define a territory by singing his song from three or four prominent perches. This practice can begin as early as February.
Mating Habits of the Song Sparrow:
In early spring the male sings constantly when defending his territory. When the female first arrives, the male will dive at her as he does with any other intruder, but the female does not flee, in time the male will accept this behaviour and the two will begin to move about the territory together; at this stage the male will reduce his singing to ten songs per hour.
Nesting Habits of the Song Sparrow:
Once the female begins the nesting process, the male song sparrow will renew his singing. The nest is cup-shaped, made of grasses and occasionally leaves, placed on the ground early in the year, and up to 30 feet above the ground later in the season.
The female lays one egg each day until the clutch of 3 to 5 greenish white with dark marks is complete. The female does all the incubation of the eggs, lasting 12 to 13 days with the young leaving the nest in 10 to 12 days, at a time when they are barely able to fly.
The parents will continue feeding the young for another 20 days. Within a week of this phase, the first egg of the next brood might be laid. These birds may accomplish up to 3 broods a year.
Feeding Habits of the Song Sparrow:
Song sparrows feed on the ground, eating seeds, insects, and occasionally some fruit.